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Nutrients are key to the growth of any plant, whether in traditional farming or hydroponic farming. Hydroponic plants, therefore need to be given nutrients directly in their water solution. Some of the macronutrients needed in indoor growing include, nitrogen (N), potassium (K), and phosphorus (P). Hydroponic plants need nitrogen for the creation of proteins which is paramount in their growth. This especially helps when the plants are starting to develop their leaves, which is mainly labelled as the vegetative stage. Potassium helps to optimize factors such as temperatures that are too high for the plants and also diseases caused by pests and insects. Lastly, phosphorus is essential for root development, the growth of fruits, and the growth of flowers.